TERMINOLOGY

CLEANING ​CODE ABBREVIATIONS

   Fabric cleaning codes determine the best and least expensive methods of home cleaning for your furniture. Due to the various ways that furniture can be stained or damaged, there is no guarantee that the results will be completely successful. Use the suggested methods at your own discretion. Always pretest on a small area before proceeding.

D - Dry Clean Only

HW - Hand Wash with Care

S - Solvent Cleaner

       Spot clean using mild water-free solvent or dry cleaning product. Clean only in a well ventilated room and avoid any product containing Carbon Tetrachloride or other toxic materials.

W - Water Based Cleaner

        Spot clean using foam only from a water-based cleaning agent such as a mile detergent or non-solvent upholstery shampoo product. Apply foam with a soft brush in a circular motion. Vacuum when dry.

WS - Water/Solvent Based Cleaner

       Spot clean with a mild solvent, an upholstery shampoo or the foam from a mild detergent. When using a solvent or dry cleaning product, follow the instructions carefully and clean only in a well ventilated room. Avoid any product that contains Carbon Tetrachloride or other toxic materials. With either method, pretest a small area before proceeding.

FIBER CHARACTERISTICS

Natural Fibers

  • Dyes, prints and takes special finishes well

  • Durable, high absorbency

  • Excellent resistance to pilling

  • Fair resistance to abrasion

  • Good resistance to soil when treated with a protective finish

Cotton is soft, cream colored cellulosic fiber from the cotton plant. Cotton is strong, sturdy, and the most versatile of the four natural fibers. It is used more often in upholstered furniture than the other natural fibers.

Silk is a fine, strong, shiny protein fiber made from the silkworm's spun cocoon. 

Wool is a soft bulky protein fiber from the fleece of sheep, or angora and cashmere goats. Specialty fibers come from alpaca, camel, lima and vicuna. 

Linen is a crisp, beige colored cellulosic fiber from flax, used with fiber blends in upholstery to give a textured look.

Blends are when no single fiber or finish is superior to all others. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. Certain unique characteristics can make a fiber highly desirable for upholstered furniture. Blending fibers together takes advantage of the best properties of each fiber and can make a better fabric. For example, a sturdy fiber which does not take dye well can be blended with a more fragile one that dyes beautifully. The result: a beautiful heavy duty fabric that is suitable for use in heavier applications.

Man-made Fibers

  • Available in deep, rich, vivid colors

  • Strong and durable

  • Easy to clean, dries quickly

  • Resists spotting due to low absorbency

  • Resistant to moths, mildew and rotting

Acetate is made from cellulose and has a luxurious look and feel. Acetate requires special dyes, but colors are permanent. It is very economical, yet looks like silk when blended with other fibers.

Acrylic is the most natural of the man-made fibers. It is soft, warm, lightweight and is used to make many of today's soft plush or fur-like fabrics.

Dralon is a rich, lustrous appearing acrylic fiber that offers high wear resistance, good air permeability, excellent color fastness, pleasing hand and appearance, unusual luster in the pile, and is moth proof and easily cleaned.

Nylon is smooth, lustrous and the strongest of all fibers. It can be made into smooth, flat shiny fabrics, pile fabrics, or textured fabrics.

Olefin is the lightest in weight of all man-made fibers providing good bulk and surface coverage.

Marquesa Lana and Trace Olefin are filament versions of olefin. The filament construction makes the fabric easy to clean, lends tremendous abrasion resistance and inherent fire retardancy. 

Polyester is a soft, lightweight fiber with great strength and good resistance to abrasion. It has been used successfully in easy-to-care-for apparel, and is now available in upholstery fabrics. 

Rayon is the first of the man-made fibers. It is almost pure cellulose and is soft and comfortable with a good feel. It looks like silk when combined with other fibers and is easy to clean.

FABRIC DIRECTIONS

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773-777-1745

2300 N Knox Ave #1S
Chicago, IL 60639
USA

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